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Fed Proc. 1979 Sep;38(10):2374-80.

Immunocytochemical localization of neuronal antigens: tyrosine hydroxylase, substance P, [Met5]-enkephalin.


Neuronal antigens can be demonstrated histologically by numerous direct and indirect immunocytochemical techniques in which a specific antibody is identified by a marker compound such as fluorescein isothiocyanate, ferritin, or horseradish peroxidase. One of the more sensitive methods for the light and electron microscopic localizations of antigens in sections of tissue is the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) technique. The experimental procedures and the results obtained using this technique for the localization of the catecholamine synthesizing enzyme, tyrosine hydroxylase, are described. The cellular and ultrastructural localization of the enzyme is demonstrated in perikarya, processes, and terminals of catecholaminergic neurons in rat brain. The immunocytochemical localization of tyrosine hydroxylase is compared to the localization of two peptides, substance P and [Met5]-enkephalin, in the A2 region of the medulla. These studies suggest that a synaptic interaction exists between the catecholaminergic neurons and neurons showing positive immunoreactivity for the peptides. The limitations of the PAP immunocytochemical technique are also discussed in relation to the immunocytochemical localization of tyrosine hydroxylase and other antigens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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