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Acta Diabetol Lat. 1985 Jan-Mar;22(1):63-9.

Insulin degradation in human erythrocyte: effects of cations.


Insulin degradation by human erythrocyte fractions was studied using the TCA-precipitation method. Hemolysate exhibited an insulin degrading activity higher than membranes. Triton X-100 treatment of membranes led to the appraisal of Triton-soluble degrading activity and of a more efficient Triton-not-soluble degrading activity. Monovalent cations (Na+, K+, Li+) did not modify the insulin degradation by any of the erythrocyte fractions. Divalent cations, Ca++ and Zn++ selectively enhanced insulin degradation by the membranous fractions, and Cu++ and Zn++ strongly inhibited insulin degradation by all the erythrocyte fractions. The results supported the hypothesis of the existence of at least two different degrading systems in human erythrocytes: soluble (cytosolic) Ca++ and Mg++ insensitive system(s) and membrane associated Ca++ and Mg++ sensitive system(s).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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