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J Biol Chem. 1985 Jun 10;260(11):6618-22.

Ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate pools during 2-aminopurine mutagenesis in T4 mutator-, wild type-, and antimutator-infected Escherichia coli.


Ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate pools have been measured in Escherichia coli infected with bacteriophage T4 DNA polymerase mutator, wild type, and antimutator alleles during mutagenesis by the base analogue 2-aminopurine. ATP and GTP pools expand significantly during mutagenesis, while CTP and UTP pools contract slightly. The DNA polymerase (gene 43) alleles and an rII lesion perturb normal dNTP pools more than does the presence of 2-aminopurine. We find no evidence that 2-aminopurine induces mutations indirectly by causing an imbalance in normal dNTP pools. Rather, it seems likely that, by forming base mispairs with thymine and with cytosine, 2-aminopurine is involved directly in causing bidirectional A.T in equilibrium G.C transitions. The ratios for 2-aminopurine deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate/dATP pools are 5-8% for tsL56 mutator and 1-5% for tsL141 antimutator and 43+ alleles. We conclude that the significant differences observed in the frequencies of induced transition mutations in the three alleles can be attributed primarily to the properties of the DNA polymerases with their associated 3'-exonuclease activities in controlling the frequency of 2-aminopurine.cystosine base mispairs.

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