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Dev Biol. 1985 Jun;109(2):311-20.

Role of protein synthesis and proteases in production and inactivation of maturation-promoting activity during meiotic maturation of starfish oocytes.

Abstract

In starfish oocytes, activity of the maturation-promoting factor (MPF) and that of a major cAMP-independent protein kinase dropped at the time of meiotic cleavage, and rose again after the first but not the second meiotic cleavage. Protein synthesis was required before the first meiotic cleavage for both MPF and protein kinase activity to rise again after the first meiotic cleavage. Microinjection of either leupeptin or soybean trypsin inhibitor early enough prior to first polar body emission suppressed both the meiotic cleavage and the associated drop of MPF activity. Microinjection of leupeptin or soybean trypsin inhibitor during the 10-min period before the first meiotic cleavage also suppressed cytokinesis but did not prevent a decrease in MPF activity at the normal time of cytokinesis. The lysosomotropic inhibitor ammonia neither suppressed cytokinesis nor the drop of MPF activity at the time of first meiotic cleavage. Activity of neutral proteases sensitive to leupeptin and soybean trypsin inhibitor was demonstrated in oocyte homogenates prepared at the time of first meiotic cleavage. It is proposed that such proteases might be involved in degradation of protein kinase(s) and in the drop of MPF activity at the time of first meiotic cleavage.

PMID:
3888732
DOI:
10.1016/0012-1606(85)90458-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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