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Am J Cardiol. 1985 May 1;55(11):1373-8.

Echocardiographic findings before and after liver transplantation.


Echocardiographic studies were performed in 73 patients with various types of chronic liver disease. They were 0.5 to 19 years old (mean 5). Thirteen patients underwent follow-up echocardiography 1 to 13 months (mean 6) after liver transplantation. Preoperatively 60 patients (82%) showed evidence of high cardiac output (cardiac index greater than 4 liters/min/m2); these patients manifested increased left ventricular (LV) and left atrial dimensions and a thickened LV posterior wall. Transvenous contrast echocardiographic study confirmed the presence of intrapulmonary arteriovenous shunting in 4 patients. Studies after liver transplantation revealed a reduced LV end-diastolic dimension in 12 patients. Cardiac index was reduced a mean of 35% after transplantation (p less than 0.001). This study suggests that liver transplantation improves common hemodynamic abnormalities in chronic liver disease.

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