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J Biol Chem. 1985 May 10;260(9):5631-40.

There are two forms of androgen binding protein in human testes. Comparison of their protomeric variants with serum testosterone-estradiol binding globulin.


To determine how the androgen binding protein in human testes (hABP) is related to the serum protein, testosterone-estradiol binding globulin (hTeBG), both proteins were isolated and compared. The hABP in extracts of human testes was composed of two molecular species based on concanavalin A (ConA)-Sepharose chromatography. Form I hABP did not interact with ConA while Form II hABP bound to ConA and eluted with alpha-methylmannoside. Form I and Form II hABP from five batches of testes were then purified approximately 30,500- and 30,000-fold to apparent homogeneity by high-performance liquid chromatography and compared with hTeBG isolated from human pregnancy serum. Fractionation of both forms of hABP and hTeBG by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the absence of sodium dodecyl sulfate suggested that the native forms of these proteins were indistinguishable. However, analysis of the purified proteins on sodium dodecyl sulfate-containing polyacrylamide gels indicated that all three were dimers and that each was composed of monomers of at least two sizes which were not present in equimolar concentrations. Two distinctive monomers or protomers of each protein were designated as heavy (H) and light (L) according to their electrophoretic mobilities on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. The H and L protomers of Form I hABP showed apparent molecular weights of 55,000 and 52,000, respectively, in all preparations and were usually present in a 4:5 ratio (H:L). The two components of Form II hABP had apparent molecular weights of 53,000 and 48,000, respectively, and existed in a ratio of approximately 20:1. These two components could not be distinguished in some preparations where Form II hABP migrated as a broad band rather than as distinct protomers. By contrast, hTeBG, which was similar to Form II hABP with respect to ConA binding, always exhibited discrete H and L protomers in a 10:1 ratio. Photolysis of these highly purified proteins with delta 6-[3H]testosterone resulted in specific covalent labeling of their binding sites, confirming that the products identified by silver staining and immunoblotting were indeed steroid binding proteins. The H and L protomers of Form I hABP and hTeBG were separated and examined by peptide mapping using Staphylococcus aureus protease V8 and chymotrypsin. The comparison of the respective fragmentation patterns of protomers indicated that Form I hABP and hTeBG contained distinctive peptides.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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