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Metabolism. 1985 Mar;34(3):205-11.

Effect of exercise training on glucose tolerance, in vivo insulin sensitivity, lipid and lipoprotein concentrations in middle-aged men with mild hypertriglyceridemia.


The effects of 9 weeks of aerobic exercise training with maintenance of stable body weight upon insulin sensitivity and upon glucose, lipid, and lipoprotein concentrations were studied in 10 middle-aged men with mild hypertriglyceridemia. Following training, mean maximum oxygen consumption improved from 33.5 +/- 1.9 to 39.3 +/- 1.9 mL/kg/min (means +/- SEM), (P less than 0.01). Glucose concentrations, both fasting and during oral glucose tolerance testing, remained stable but both fasting insulin concentrations and insulin responses to oral glucose decreased (P less than 0.1 and less than 0.01, respectively). In vivo insulin sensitivity improved 25 +/- 6.1% (P less than 0.01) following training. Exercise training resulted in decreases in fasting serum triglyceride concentrations from 203 +/- 12.6 to 126 +/- 9.0 mg/dL (P less than 0.01), primarily as a result of the reduction in VLDL-triglycerides (P less than 0.01). The magnitude in percentage decrease of VLDL-triglycerides was found to be significantly correlated (r = 0.71, P less than 0.05) with the magnitude in percent increase in max VO2. Serum cholesterol levels declined from 211 +/- 8.9 to 193 +/- 11.9 mg/dL (P less than 0.01), and the ratio of HDL-cholesterol to total cholesterol was improved. This study demonstrates that exercise training at a level of intensity feasible for many middle-aged men has beneficial effects on several factors that have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

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