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J Natl Cancer Inst. 1985 Feb;74(2):299-306.

Intratumor localization of monoclonal antibody in patients with melanoma treated with antibody to a 250,000-dalton melanoma-associated antigen.


Antibody localization at the tumor site was assessed in melanoma patients who received the murine monoclonal antibody 9.2.27. Antibody was administered twice weekly in escalating doses from 1 to 500 mg. Localization was assessed by biopsies of cutaneous and lymph node lesions obtained 24-96 hours following therapy. The percentage of tumor cells that bound the antibody in vivo was dose dependent, with similar findings obtained by either flow cytometry or immunoperoxidase staining techniques. Little or no in vivo binding of the 9.2.27 antibody to tumor cells was found following 1- and 10-mg doses, whereas all specimens demonstrated in vivo binding of the antibody following 200- and 500-mg doses. Fluorescence staining intensity, as quantitated by flow cytometry, was employed to determine the degree of in vivo saturation of antibody binding sites following therapy. The degree of saturation was found to vary substantially among patients: Some patients demonstrated nearly 100% saturation after 200-mg doses of 9.2.27 antibody, whereas others demonstrated only half maximal saturation after doses of 500 mg. Although immunoperoxidase staining provided important qualitative information regarding the distribution of antigen and antibody within the tumor, these studies demonstrated the usefulness of immunofluorescent flow cytometry for quantitative assessment of antibody localization in solid tumors and provided information necessary for the design of further trials of monoclonal antibodies and immunoconjugates.

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