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Fed Proc. 1985 Feb;44(2):348-52.

Protein metabolism during endurance exercise.


After reviewing all the available results from our laboratory and numerous reports in the literature concerning changes that have occurred in various aspects of protein metabolism during exercise, a number of conclusions can be drawn with some degree of confidence. During exercise, protein synthesis is depressed and this change leaves amino acids available for catabolic processes. The rate of leucine oxidation appears to be increased during exercise, and there is a movement of amino acids, mostly in the form of alanine, from muscle to liver where the rate of gluconeogenesis is increased as a result of exercise. These changes in protein metabolism are probably physiologically significant in at least three ways: amino acid conversion to citric acid cycle intermediates enhances the rate of oxidation of acetyl-CoA generated from glucose and fatty acid oxidation; increased conversion of amino acids to glucose helps to prevent hypoglycemia; oxidation of some amino acids may provide energy for muscular contraction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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