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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1985 Dec;90(6):921-5.

Coronary revascularization in patients with bilateral internal carotid occlusions.


Coronary revascularization that is neurologically uneventful in patients with bilateral totally occluded internal carotid arteries has not been previously reported. We performed saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafting on three such patients and observed them for 6 to 23 months. Preoperatively two of our patients had chronic stable symptoms of cerebrovascular insufficiency, and one had received cerebral revascularization via a superficial temporal-to-middle cerebral artery bypass. Controversy exists regarding proper cerebral protective maneuvers during coronary revascularization for patients with advanced cerebrovascular disease. Cerebral protection for our patients during cardiopulmonary bypass included hypothermia and high perfusion flows and pressures. Two patients also received prophylactic sodium thiopental. None of these three patients had a stroke perioperatively or during the follow-up period. We believe that these case histories strongly suggest that the functional state of the cerebral collateral circulation, as judged by preoperative neurological symptoms, predicts neurological outcome after coronary revascularization better than the specific occlusive anatomy of the extracranial carotid arteries.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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