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Anticancer Res. 1985 Sep-Oct;5(5):479-83.

Importance of T-cells and macrophages in the antitumor activity of carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide (Ge-132).


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effective mechanisms of Ge-132, an organogermanium compound with immunomodulatory activity, on experimental murine ascites tumors. The antitumor effects of Ge-132 were observed when mice inoculated with Ehrlich carcinoma (allogeneic) or RL male 1 leukemia (syngeneic) cells were treated orally. However, Ge-132 had no activity on EL-4 lymphoma (syngeneic) or Meth A fibrosarcoma (syngeneic). The antitumor activity of Ge-132 was not observed when tumor-bearing mice were treated with trypan blue, carrageenan, or monoclonal anti-Thy 1.2 antibody. However, when natural killer (NK) cells were eliminated from mice bearing RL male 1 or Ehrlich ascites tumors by treatment with anti-asialo GM1 antiserum, the antitumor activity of the compound was unchanged. This suggests that Ge-132 was effective against certain ascites tumors regardless of whether the tumor was syngeneic or allogeneic. Furthermore, its effect might be expressed through host defense mechanisms, including macrophages and/or T-cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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