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Stroke. 1985 Jul-Aug;16(4):616-26.

CBF before and after extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease studied with 133Xe-inhalation tomography.


Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was studied by 133Xenon inhalation tomography in 22 patients with symptoms of ischemic cerebrovascular disease before and after establishment of an extracranial-intracranial bypass shunt. Selection of patients for shunting was based on angiographically demonstrated arterial occlusions and on the finding of focal low flow areas corresponding to the clinical symptoms, that consisted mainly of minor stroke with good remission and with or without subsequent TIAs. It was required that the area of low flow should clearly exceed the CT lesion present in practically all cases. Following surgery, the permanent neurologic deficits remained unchanged, while the TIAs stopped in all but one case. Two patients showed a definite increase of CBF in the low flow area while another two showed a questionable increase. All the other cases, 18 of the 22, showed an unchanged tomographic flow map with no trend towards diminution in extension or severity of the focal hypoperfused area. A persistent low flow in areas with no corresponding CT lesion following alleviation of a possible flow impediment is interpreted to represent an incomplete infarction or diaschisis.

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