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Haemostasis. 1985;15(2):144-50.

Evaluation of euglobulin methods for the study of blood fibrinolytic activity: results for patients with rheumatoid arthritis and in the postoperative period.


Euglobulin fractionation is a frequently employed pretreatment of plasma for the determination of fibrinolytic activity. The fractionation procedure suffers from possible in vitro artifacts, e.g., variable precipitation of C1-inactivator. This is illustrated by the following two situations. It is shown that increased amounts of C1-inactivator not related to an increased plasma concentration are present in euglobulin fractions in cases of classic rheumatoid arthritis. Similarly, postoperatively, a disproportional increase in C1-inactivator in euglobulin fractions occurs. In both cases, an artificially reduced fibrinolytic activity is recorded due to increased inhibition by C1-inactivator. This is circumvented and recognized by adding sodium flufenamate or C1s-esterase to euglobulin fractions to uniformly eliminate C1-inactivator. Two specific assays for tissue-type plasminogen activator activity in euglobulin fractions (as C1-inactivator-resistant activator activity and a parabolic rate assay on a synthetic substrate) correlate excellently (r = 0.8728; p less than 0.001; n = 108). The first mentioned is corrected for variable endogenous C1-inactivator; the latter assay is found to be insensitive to inhibition by C1-inactivator. It is concluded that with euglobulin methods a misinterpretation of blood fibrinolytic activity is possible in rheumatoid arthritis patients. In the postoperative period, the fibrinolytic shutdown concerns tissue-type plasminogen activator activity; the pattern of the shutdown can be misjudged in using traditional euglobulin methods.

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