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J Infect Dis. 1985 Feb;151(2):273-9.

Modification of otitis media in chinchillas rechallenged with nontypable Haemophilus influenzae and serological response to outer membrane antigens.

Abstract

Otitis media was produced in chinchillas by right-sided intrabullar inoculation with nontypable Haemophilus influenzae, and susceptibility to reinfection was investigated. After resolution of initial right-sided infection, animals underwent ipsilateral or contralateral intrabullar rechallenge with the same strain. After ipsilateral rechallenge right ears were completely protected against reinfection; previously uninfected left ears were similarly protected on contralateral rechallenge. Previously infected ears remained fully susceptible to infection with a heterologous strain of nontypable H. influenzae. Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we measured the serological response to outer membrane protein and lipopolysaccharide antigens during initial infection. A greater than or equal to 10-fold rise in titer of antibody to homologous outer membrane proteins was observed in all 11 animals tested. Most animals exhibited a minimal serological response to lipopolysaccharide. Thus experimental otitis media due to nontypable H. influenzae induces strain-specific protective immunity and a concomitant serological response to outer membrane proteins.

PMID:
3871464
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/151.2.273
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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