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J Cell Physiol. 1985 Feb;122(2):221-8.

The regulation of mononuclear phagocyte entry into S phase by the colony stimulating factor CSF-1.

Abstract

CSF-1 is a hemopoietic growth factor that specifically regulates the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of mononuclear phagocytic cells. Populations of adherent bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) devoid of CSF-1 producing cells were used to study regulation by CSF-1 of macrophage entry into S phase. More than 95% of BMM possess the CSF-1 receptor. It was shown that 93-98% of BMM are cycling (S phase 8-9 hr, doubling time 24-28 hr) when cultured in the presence of CSF-1. BMM incubated with 15% FCS in the absence of CSF-1 or in the presence of CSF-1 concentrations inducing survival without proliferation enter a quiescent state. This state is characterized by a reduction in the synthesis of DNA (98%), total protein (35%), ribosomal protein (76%), and histone (96%) compared with the synthetic rate of these components in exponentially growing cells. Addition of CSF-1 to BMM rendered quiescent by removal of CSF-1 stimulated entry into S phase with a lag period of approximately 12 h. This lag period is reduced to 8 hr in BMM made quiescent at concentrations of CSF-1 inducing survival without proliferation, an effect which may be related to the expected higher protein content of these cells (Tushinski and Stanley, J. Cell. Physiol., 116:67-75). Neutralization of CSF-1 by antibody at different times during the lag period indicates that CSF-1 is required for almost the entire lag period for the entry of any cells into S phase. In BMM rendered quiescent by removal of both serum and CSF-1, purified CSF-1 without serum stimulated entry of cells into S phase, whereas serum alone was ineffective. The results are consistent with a primary regulatory role of CSF-1 in mononuclear phagocyte proliferation, survival, and function.

PMID:
3871440
DOI:
10.1002/jcp.1041220210
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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