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Life Sci. 1985 Jan 21;36(3):207-12.

Selective accumulation of MPP+ in the substantia nigra: a key to neurotoxicity?

Abstract

The neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is rapidly metabolized to a 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium species (MPP+) in the squirrel monkey. After administration of toxic doses of MPTP, the concentration of MPP+ in the substantia nigra appears to increase during the first 72 hours, reaching the highest concentration of any central nervous system (CNS) tissue studied. In contrast, the concentration of this compound in other brain areas suggested time dependent elimination during the same period. Pretreatment of animals with the monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor pargyline blocks both the neurotoxic action and the biotransformation of MPTP. In animals given pargyline and MPTP, initial MPTP levels are much higher in all brain regions than in those not receiving pargyline, but by 12 hours, MPTP levels had fallen rapidly in all regions except the substantia nigra and the eye. It may be that the selective toxicity of MPTP is related in some way to the accumulation of its oxidized metabolite in the substantia nigra.

PMID:
3871240
DOI:
10.1016/0024-3205(85)90060-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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