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Am J Physiol. 1985 Nov;249(5 Pt 1):C527-30.

Phorbol ester inhibition of Na-H exchange in rabbit proximal colon.


In rabbit proximal colon, in vitro addition of phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDB, 10(-7) M) to the serosal bathing medium inhibits mucosal (m)-to-serosal (s) unidirectional Na flux (JsmNa) without altering JsmNa or unidirectional Cl fluxes. Similar results were obtained when amiloride (2 X 10(-4) M) was added to the mucosal bathing medium. No additivity of effect was seen when tissues were exposed to both agents. Measurements with carboxyfluorescein reveal that the two agents cause equal decreases of intracellular pH (pHi), an effect that is dependent on the presence of extracellular Na (Na replacement also decreases pHi). No additivity of pHi effects is seen when both agents are added together. To determine the membrane site of this PDB-inhibitable Na-H exchange, Na influx across the luminal border of proximal colon was measured and was found to be inhibited equally by PDB and amiloride. We conclude that PDB, by activation of protein kinase C, inhibits electro-neutral amiloride-sensitive Na-H exchange in the luminal membrane of proximal colon.

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