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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 Sep;82(17):5935-9.

Altered steady-state ratio of type I/III procollagen mRNAs correlates with selectively increased type I procollagen biosynthesis in cultured keloid fibroblasts.


Regulation of collagen gene expression was studied in fibroblast cultures established from patients with keloids, fibrotic lesions of the skin. In selected keloid fibroblast cultures, an overproduction of type I procollagen was observed. This increase was accompanied by a parallel increase in type I procollagen-specific mRNA levels, as detected by dot-blot and RNA transfer hybridizations, without concomitant change in type I procollagen gene copy number. At the same time, type III procollagen mRNA levels were unaltered, resulting in markedly elevated type I/III procollagen mRNA ratios. Thus, keloid fibroblasts offer a unique model to study the independent regulation of the gene expression of two genetically distinct procollagens, type I and type III.

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