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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 Aug;82(15):4954-8.

A predicted structure of calmodulin suggests an electrostatic basis for its function.


By using interactive computer graphics, two models for calmodulin have been constructed based on the structures of two functionally and structurally related proteins, intestinal calcium-binding protein and carp parvalbumin. The two models have been compared and contrasted to the parent proteins with respect to proportion of solvent-exposed hydrophobic residues, solvent-accessible surface area, and side-chain packing. Electrostatic potential surfaces generated for the models suggest a probable binding site for basic amphiphilic alpha-helical peptides located between the last E and F helices in the second domain of calmodulin. Both electrostatic and hydrophobic complementarity can contribute to stabilization of a peptide-protein complex in this region.

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