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Prostaglandins. 1985 Feb;29(2):161-73.

Effects of prostaglandin E1 or E2 (PGE1; PGE2) on luteal function and binding of luteinizing hormone in nonpregnant ewes.

Abstract

Two studies were conducted to determine the effects of PGE1 or PGE2 on luteal function and binding of luteinizing hormone (LH) to luteal cell membranes in nonpregnant ewes. In Study I, ewes (n=5 per group) received an injection of vehicle (VEH) or 333 micrograms of PGE1 or PGE2 into the tissue surrounding the ovarian vascular pedicle (intrapedicle) on day 7 postestrus. Systemic progesterone concentrations of PGE1-treated ewes were greater (P less than 0.01) than those of VEH-treated ewes at 24 and 48 hr after injection. For PGE2-treated ewes, progesterone concentrations were greater (P less than 0.01) than for VEH-treated ewes only at 24 hr. Neither PGE1 nor PGE2 affected luteal weights or LH binding capacity at 48 hr. Treatment with PGE1, however, increased (P less than 0.10) endogenously bound LH at this time. In Study II, ewes (n=5 per group) received an intrapedicle injection of VEH, or 10 mg of PGE1 or PGE2 on day 8 postestrus. Systemic progesterone concentrations in PGE1-treated ewes were less (P less than 0.01) than for VEH-treated ewes at 24 hr, but by 72 hr were not different from those of VEH-treated ewes. For PGE2-treated ewes, systemic progesterone declined steadily to reach low values by 72 hr. Prostaglandin E2 had no effect on luteal binding of LH at 72 hr, whereas PGE1 increased (P less than 0.05) LH binding capacity and endogenously bound LH. Although PGE2 had no apparent affect on luteal binding of LH in these studies, PGE1 may enhance the function of ovine corpora lutea by stimulating an increase in their binding of LH and capacity to bind LH when the CL receives a luteolytic signal.

PMID:
3856900
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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