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Biochemistry. 1979 Sep 18;18(19):4159-65.

A single amino acid substitution in a histidine-transport protein drastically alters its mobility in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.

Abstract

Mutation hisJ5625 has altered the histidine-binding protein J of Salmonella typhimurium such that histidine transport is impaired, even though binding of histidine by the J protein is unimpaired [Kustu, S.G., & Ames, G.F. (1974) J. Biol. Chem. 249, 6976--6983]. We have determined by protein analytical methods that the only effect of this mutation has been the substitution of a cysteine residue for an arginine at a site in the interior of the polypeptide chain. This arginine residue is therefore potentially essential for the transport function of the protein. The mutant protein migrates in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis more slowly than the wild type protein, as if its molecular weight were greater by as much as 2000. Since this behavior is apparently due to a single amino acid replacement, a molecular weight difference even between two closely related proteins should not be inferred solely on the basis of sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis.

PMID:
385047
DOI:
10.1021/bi00586a017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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