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J Med Chem. 1985 Feb;28(2):204-9.

Amino acid derived latent isocyanates: irreversible inactivation of porcine pancreatic elastase and human leukocyte elastase.


Several amino acid derived azolides (I) have been synthesized and investigated for their inhibitory activity toward human leukocyte elastase and porcine pancreatic elastase. The inhibitory activity was found to be dependent on the nature of the precursor amino acid ester. Thus, compounds derived from L-valine methyl ester 3, L-norvaline methyl ester 5, DL-norleucine methyl ester 9, and L-methionine methyl ester 10 were found to inhibit irreversibly both enzymes. Compound 10 was found to be a specific and selective inhibitor of human leukocyte elastase. In contrast to these, inhibitors derived from glycine methyl ester 1, D-valine methyl ester 4, and D-norvaline methyl ester 6 were found to be inactive. The results of the present study show that latent isocyanates derived from appropriate amino acids can serve as selective inhibitors of serine proteases and are of potential pharmacological value.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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