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J Clin Invest. 1985 Nov;76(5):1978-83.

A monoclonal antibody against basal cells of human epidermis. Potential use in the diagnosis of cervical neoplasia.


A murine monoclonal antibody was generated against human skin cells obtained from psoriatic plaques. The antibody, called VM-2, recognizes an epitope expressed on the basal cell layer of human skin and other epithelia. VM-2 also binds to cultured cells from a variety of human carcinomas including HeLa cervical carcinoma, A-431 vulvar carcinoma, A-549 lung alveolar carcinoma, and SCL-1 skin squamous cell carcinoma cells. In several primary human cell lines, including fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and cells from the hematopoietic lineage, the antigenic site recognized by VM-2 could not be detected. The cellular antigen when immunoprecipitated by VM-2 from both normal and transformed cells appears to be proteins of approximately 100,000 and 120,000 mol weight. In frozen sections from human tumor-containing tissues, VM-2 labels skin, cervical, and lung squamous carcinoma cells, as well as skin basal carcinoma cells. Malignant cells present in exfoliative smears from epidermoid invasive neoplasias of the cervix are also selectively recognized by VM-2 in distinction to normal squamous cervical cells. VM-2 is thus directed against an antigen associated with neoplastic cells when applied in selected sites of exfoliative cytology. This monoclonal antibody represents a new reagent that should prove useful in the diagnosis of cervical neoplasia.

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