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Plast Reconstr Surg. 1985 Apr;75(4):502-8.

Orbital volume measurements in enophthalmos using three-dimensional CT imaging.


The purpose of this study was to investigate enophthalmos by measuring the volume of various orbital structures using off-line computer techniques on images generated by a CT scanner. Eleven patients with enophthalmos had CT scans of the orbits consisting of 30 to 40 adjacent 1.5-mm slices. The data from the scans were analyzed on a Nova 830 stand-alone computer system using software programs that allowed measurement of total bony orbital volume, total soft-tissue volume, globe volume, orbital fat volume, neuromuscular tissue volume, and apex-to-globe distance in the horizontal plane. These data were analyzed comparing the volumes in the normal eye with the volumes in the enophthalmic eye in each patient. The analysis demonstrated a statistically significant increase in bony orbital volume in the enophthalmic eye, but the total soft-tissue volume, fat volume, neuromuscular tissue volume, and globe volume were the same as in the normal eye. The apex-to-globe distance, a measure of the degree of enophthalmos, was less in the enophthalmic eye than in the normal eye. These results suggest that in the majority of patients, the cause of posttraumatic enophthalmos is increased bony orbital volume rather than by soft-tissue loss or fat necrosis. (Several patients showed no volume discrepancies, and it is likely that cicatricial contracture is responsible for the enophthalmos in these cases.) This study suggests that the objective of surgery for correction of enophthalmos in patients with a volume discrepancy should be to decrease the volume of the bony orbit and to increase the anterior projection of the globe.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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