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Mol Cell Biol. 1985 Oct;5(10):2720-32.

Evolution of the functional human beta-actin gene and its multi-pseudogene family: conservation of noncoding regions and chromosomal dispersion of pseudogenes.

Abstract

We have assigned six members of the human beta-actin multigene family to specific human chromosomes. The functional gene, ACTB, is located on human chromosome 7, and the other assigned beta-actin-related sequences are dispersed over at least four different chromosomes including one locus assigned to the X chromosome. Using intervening sequence probes, we showed that the functional gene is single copy and that all of the other beta-actin related sequences are recently generated in evolution and are probably processed pseudogenes. The entire nucleotide sequence of the functional gene has been determined and is identical to cDNA clones in the coding and 5' untranslated regions. We have previously reported that the 3' untranslated region is well conserved between humans and rats (Ponte et al., Nucleic Acids Res. 12:1687-1696, 1984). Now we report that four additional noncoding regions are evolutionarily conserved, including segments of the 5' flanking region, 5' untranslated region, and, surprisingly, intervening sequences I and III. These conserved sequences, especially those found in the introns, suggest a role for internal sequences in the regulation of beta-actin gene expression.

PMID:
3837182
PMCID:
PMC367010
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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