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Vision Res. 1985;25(11):1701-7.

Effect of localized grating adaptation as a function of separation along the length axis between test and adaptation areas.

Abstract

Aftereffect following adaptation to localized gratings was measured as a function of the separation along the length axis between test and adaptation gratings. When the adaptation gratings were located on or near the retinal area occupied by the test grating, contrast sensitivity greatly decreased. When the adaptation gratings were spatially separated from the test grating, contrast sensitivity significantly increased. This property is similar to that which was observed in our previous study, in which the adaptation gratings were displaced from a test grating along the modulation axis. The facilitatory aftereffect of the grating adaptation can be accounted for by assuming that there may exist two mechanisms involved in the adaptation process; one is a center mechanism responsible for the detection of a test pattern, its adaptation producing a reduction in responsiveness; the other is a surround mechanism which tonically inhibits the center mechanism, its adaptation resulting in an increase in the sensitivity of the center mechanism by releasing the tonic inhibition. The spatial property of the adaptation effect may reflect the nature of spatial integration process of the center and surround mechanism.

PMID:
3832594
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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