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Biopharm Drug Dispos. 1986 Nov-Dec;7(6):559-66.

Plasma concentrations and bioavailability of propranolol by oral, rectal, and intravenous administration in man.

Abstract

Eight normal male volunteers received 80 mg doses of propranolol by the oral and rectal routes and 2.2 mg by intravenous administration in a crossover fashion. Plasma concentrations of propranolol were measured by a gas chromatographic method using an electron capture detector. Individual subject concentration-time data were analysed and results indicated that the data fit a two compartment model with first order absorption. An approximately two-fold higher plasma propranolol concentration was observed after rectal administration as compared with oral dosing. Statistical analysis of the difference in the total AUCs indicates a significantly higher bioavailability of propranolol administered by the rectal route. The reduced bioavailability after oral administration indicates a substantial first pass effect but that it is possible to bypass the liver, at least partially, by giving the drug rectally to man.

PMID:
3828485
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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