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Am J Vet Res. 1987 Jan;48(1):7-12.

Cardiovascular and respiratory measurements in awake and isoflurane-anesthetized horses.


Circulatory and respiratory function was monitored in nonmedicated, spontaneously breathing horses (n = 7) immediately before, during, and 1 hour after 85 +/- 4.1 (X +/- SEM) minutes of constant 1.57% isoflurane in O2 anesthesia. Comparison of values during anesthesia with those obtained while horses were awake revealed a significant (P less than 0.05) decrease in arterial blood pressure that was related to a slight, but insignificant, decrease in cardiac output and peripheral vascular resistance. Although isoflurane anesthesia and recumbency resulted in a significant (P less than 0.05) decrease in stroke volume, cardiac output did not decrease significantly because heart rate tended to increase. Isoflurane and recumbency also significantly (P less than 0.05) increased PaCO2, peak expiratory gas flow, total expiratory time, and PCV and significantly decreased PaO2, minute expired ventilation, and the ratio of peak inspired to expired gas flow. Differences imposed by isoflurane anesthesia were reversed by 1.5 hour after anesthesia.

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