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Am J Cardiol. 1987 Apr 1;59(8):725-9.

Significance of silent myocardial ischemia during exercise testing in patients with coronary artery disease.

Abstract

To evaluate the significance of ischemic ST-segment depression without associated chest pain during exercise testing, data were analyzed from 2,982 patients from the Coronary Artery Surgery Study (CASS) registry who underwent coronary arteriography and exercise testing and were followed up for 7 years. Patients with proved coronary artery disease (CAD) (at least 70% diameter narrowing) were grouped according to whether they had at least 1 mm of ST-segment depression or anginal chest pain during exercise testing. Four hundred twenty-four had ischemic ST depression without angina (group 1); 232 had angina but no ischemic ST depression (group 2); 456 had both ischemic ST depression and angina (group 3); and 471 had neither ischemic ST depression nor angina (group 4). Sixty-three percent of patients in group 1 and 55% in group 2 had multivessel CAD (difference not significant). The 7-year survival rates were similar for patients in groups 1 (76%), 2 (77%), and 3 (78%), but were significantly better for patients in group 4 (88%, p less than 0.001). Among group 1 patients, survival was related to severity of CAD (p less than 0.001). The 7-year survival rate in group 1 was significantly worse than that in a separate group of 282 patients with ischemic ST depression without angina during exercise testing who had no CAD (95% survival, p less than 0.001). Thus, in patients with silent myocardial ischemia during exercise testing, the extent of CAD and the 7-year survival rate are similar to those of patients with angina during exercise testing. Prognosis is determined primarily by the severity of CAD. In patients without CAD, the survival rate is excellent.

PMID:
3825930
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9149(87)91081-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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