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J Clin Pathol. 1987 Jan;40(1):107-11.

Clinical value of ELISA assays for IgM and IgG rheumatoid factors.

Abstract

The clinical value of enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) assays for IgM and IgG rheumatoid factors was assessed in a series of studies using rabbit IgG as antigen. The tests were reproducible with intra-assay coefficients of variation of 6% and could be simply and rapidly performed. Normal ranges were established using 106 sera from healthy controls. In a cross sectional study of 208 rheumatoid patients these assays were compared with the Rose-Waaler and laser nephelometric assessments of rheumatoid factor. In some patients there were discrepancies between rheumatoid factor positivity determined by one method or another. IgM ELISA and Rose-Waaler titres showed a significant correlation (r = +0.58; p less than 0.001), but there was a low correlation between IgM and IgG ELISA (r = +0.27; p less than 0.001). There was no evidence to show that the measurement of IgM or IgG rheumatoid factor gave significantly more clinical information than traditional tests such as the Rose-Waaler or latex agglutination tests.

PMID:
3818968
PMCID:
PMC1140839
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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