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J Chronic Dis. 1987;40(3):229-36.

Alcohol consumption and mortality in Alameda County.


The association between level of alcohol consumption and 15-year mortality, focusing particularly on the possible protective effect of light drinking compared to abstention, was studied in a representative population sample of 6928 residents of Alameda County, California. Because abstainers differ from light, moderate and heavy drinkers on a number of demographic, physical, and psychosocial characteristics, the role of these as confounders of the alcohol/mortality association was examined. Using multiple logistic models, the mortality experience of abstainers, moderate drinkers, heavy drinkers and very heavy drinkers was compared with that of light drinkers. Among men only, very heavy drinkers were at significantly greater risk of death from all causes than were light drinkers (OR = 2.5, p less than 0.01). Neither abstainers nor other drinkers were at significantly higher risk of death from ischemic heart disease than were light drinkers. This pattern of results persisted with adjustment for 11 covariates of alcohol consumption in addition to age.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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