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J Biol Chem. 1987 Feb 15;262(5):2291-7.

Domain structure and phosphorylation of protein kinase C.


The phospholipid- and calcium-dependent protein kinase C has been shown to autophosphorylate on both the catalytic and the regulatory domains. The autophosphorylation displays zero-order kinetics, indicating that it is an intramolecular event. Autophosphorylation increases the activity of protein kinase C by decreasing the Km for the substrate H1 histone. The catalytic fragment obtained by limited proteolysis can no longer autophosphorylate and has a reduced affinity for H1 histone, exhibiting a Km 5-fold higher than that of the intact enzyme. Monoclonal antibodies produced against the enzyme can distinguish between the catalytic fragment and the intact enzyme by inhibiting their activities in a specific manner. Evidence suggesting that dimerization of protein kinase C occurs upon activation is presented.

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