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Int J Cancer. 1987 Mar 15;39(3):343-52.

Characterization of 3LL-tumor variants generated by in vitro macrophage-mediated selection.

Abstract

Following sequential interactions between activated syngeneic M phi s and 3LL tumor cells, stable M phi-resistant 3LL variants were isolated. Unlike the unselected 3LL cells, these M phi-selected variants were relatively resistant to the cytostatic and cytolytic activity of activated effector M phi s. Such M phi-resistant 3LL variants evade the M phi tumoricidal activity by at least two mechanisms. Firstly, they manifest a reduced susceptibility towards M phi-related cytotoxins such as TNF. Secondly, they actively suppress the cytotoxic potential of M phi s through secretion of M phi-inhibitory factors. The resistance of the 3LL variants to M phi effector cells in vitro was reflected in vivo by a higher tumorigenic and metastatic potential. No strict correlation was found between the NK sensitivity of M phi-resistant and M phi-sensitive 3LL cells and their metastatic ability. Hence, activated tumoricidal M phi s may play a central role in either the elimination or selection of neoplastic cells.

PMID:
3818124
DOI:
10.1002/ijc.2910390313
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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