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Biochem J. 1986 Oct 15;239(2):405-9.

Possible involvement of the lipid-peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal in the formation of fluorescent chromolipids.


The effects of the lipid-peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal on the formation of fluorescent chromolipids from microsomes, mitochondria and phospholipids were studied. Incubation of freshly prepared rat liver microsomes or mitochondria with 4-hydroxynonenal results in a slow formation of a fluorophore with an excitation maximum at 360 nm and an emission maximum at 430 nm. The rate and extent of the development of the 430 nm fluorescence can be significantly enhanced by ADP-iron (Fe3+). With microsomes, yet not with mitochondria. NADPH has a catalytic effect similar to that of ADP-iron. Fluorescent chromolipids with maximum excitation and emission at 360/430 nm are also formed during the NADPH-linked ADP-iron-stimulated lipid peroxidation. Phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylserine react with 4-hydroxynonenal revealing a fluorophore with the same spectral characteristics as that obtained in the microsomal and mitochondrial system. The findings suggest that the fluorescent chromolipids formed by lipid peroxidation are not derived from malonaldehyde, but are formed from 4-hydroxynonenal or similar reactive aldehydes via a NADPH and/or ADP-iron-catalysed reaction with phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylserine contained in the membrane.

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