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Am J Surg Pathol. 1987 Feb;11(2):85-93.

Solid and papillary epithelial neoplasm of the pancreas. An ultrastructural and immunocytochemical study of six cases.


Solid and papillary epithelial neoplasms of the pancreas from six female patients were studied using immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy to define better their histogenesis. The tumors ranged in diameter from 5 to 15 cm (average: 9 cm), and, on cross section, most had areas of hemorrhage and necrosis, sometimes extensive. Microscopically, there was a solid and pseudopapillary pattern, with tumor cells typically having ovoid nuclei with delicate folding and indistinct nucleoli. Of note were the following: a relatively low mitotic rate (range: 0-6/20 hpf), the presence of hyaline globules (four of six cases), and collections of foam cells (three of six cases). Staining for cytoplasmic argyrophil granules was negative in each case. Ultrastructurally, the solid and papillary epithelial neoplasms of the pancreas showed evidence of acinar or ductular differentiation. Two contained zymogen granules, one had intermediate filaments (probably keratin), and three had abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. Immunostaining was positive for chymotrypsin (six of six cases), trypsin (four of six), and amylase (three of six). None was positive for alpha-1-antitrypsin, neuron-specific enolase, pancreatic polypeptide, gastrin, glucagon, somatostatin, or insulin. The findings support an origin from exocrine pancreas, and follow-up indicates a low rate of malignancy, with local recurrence in two of the six patients.

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