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Foot Ankle. 1986 Dec;7(3):162-76.

Injuries to the metatarsophalangeal joints in athletes.


Injury to the metatarsophalangeal joints in sports has become an increasing problem with the advent of more flexible shoewear and artificial playing surfaces. These injuries vary from mild sprains to severe tearing of the capsuloligamentous complex including avulsion fractures. This may include a compression fracture of the metatarsal head in the more severe cases. At the extreme, dislocation or fracture-dislocation of the metatarsophalangeal joint occurs. The findings in 62 cases of these injuries in Rice University athletes from 1971 to 1985 are presented. Treatment follows a standard regimen of ice, taping and anti-inflammatory medication with gradual return to sports activity as symptoms allow. Recommendations for preventive therapy include stiffening the forefoot in athletic shoes or the use of an orthotic device. This should reduce the incidence of long-term sequelae.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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