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Am J Vet Res. 1986 Dec;47(12):2530-5.

Surface oximetry of healthy and ischemic equine intestine.

Abstract

Measurements of jejunal, ileal, and large colon (pelvic flexure) surface O2 tension (PSO2) were made in halothane-anesthetized horses with a nonheated miniature oxygen polarographic electrode. Assisted ventilation with 100% O2 was used to maintain PaCO2 tension at 50 +/- 8 mm of Hg while mean arterial blood pressure was maintained greater than or equal to 70 mm of Hg. Mean +/- SD PSO2 for the intestinal segments were: jejunum (horses 1 to 4), 71 +/- 20 mm of Hg; ileum (horses 1 to 4), 61 +/- 8 mm of Hg; and pelvic flexure of the large colon (horses 1 to 10), 55 +/- 13 mm of Hg. The response of the sensor to intestinal ischemia was studied in the large colon of an additional 12 halothane-anesthetized horses, using 4 types of vascular occlusion: venous (4 horses); arterial and venous (4 horses); venous and intramural vascular obstruction (2 horses); and arterial, venous, and intramural obstruction (2 horses). Venous and arterial occlusions were maintained for 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes, whereas intramural obstruction combined with either type of vascular obstruction was studied for 60 to 120 minutes. After vascular occlusion, PSO2 decreased to 8 +/- 7 mm of Hg for venous obstruction, 4 +/- 3 mm of Hg for arterial and venous obstruction, 6 +/- 0 mm of Hg for intramural and venous obstruction, and 3 +/- 0 mm of Hg after intramural and arterial and venous obstruction. Thirty minutes after release of the clamps, the PSO2 increased to greater than or equal to 50% of the preoccluded large colon value.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
3800112
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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