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J Pediatr Orthop. 1986 Nov-Dec;6(6):656-60.

Fracture patterns in Nottingham children.


The incidence and pattern of fractures in children less than or equal to 12 years of age living in Nottingham, England, have been reviewed. The annual incidence rate is 16/1,000 children. Fractures are rare in those less than 18 months of age, and incidence increases with age. The most common cause of fracture was a fall in or around the home; the incidence rate of fractures after road traffic accidents was similar in all age groups. Fractures of the distal radius and ulna accounted for 35.8% of all fractures seen, with hand fractures the second largest group (14.7%). The most common fracture type was a green-stick fracture (51.6%), and 18.5% of fractures were epiphyseal injuries. Epiphyseal injuries in children less than 5 years of age, were uncommon whereas spiral/oblique fractures were more common. Rotational trauma is more likely to cause a spiral or oblique shaft fracture in a younger child and an epiphyseal fracture in an older child.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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