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J Biol Chem. 1987 Jan 5;262(1):214-7.

Cholecystokinin-58 is the major circulating form of cholecystokinin in canine blood.


Cholecystokinin-58 (CCK-58) is the largest and most abundant, biologically active form of cholecystokinin in canine intestinal mucosa. Despite the high amounts in mucosa, CCK-58 has not been detected in significant amounts in the circulation. The release of CCK-58 into the peripheral blood in response to an intraduodenal perfusion of sodium oleate (9.0 mmol h-1) was studied in seven conscious dogs. Plasma (50 ml) was obtained before and after endogenous stimulation by a newly developed method that prevents in vitro degradation of large cholecystokinins. The relative abundance of immunoreactive forms of CCK was studied by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) which separated the gastrin and CCK forms. Column eluates were measured with an antibody which recognizes the intact carboxyl terminus of both gastrin and CCK. Cholecystokinin immunoreactivity increased over basal in plasma by 7 fmol/ml after intraduodenal perfusion with sodium oleate. The most abundant form of stimulated cholecystokinin immunoreactivity eluted on HPLC in the position of CCK-58 (63% of total immunoreactivity found). Since CCK-58 is biologically active and is the most abundant circulating form, it should play an important role in the physiology of cholecystokinin.

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