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Gastroenterology. 1987 Feb;92(2):329-37.

Activation of blood coagulation in Crohn's disease. Increased plasma fibrinopeptide A levels and enhanced generation of monocyte tissue factor activity.


We have examined the relationships among activation of blood coagulation, generation of monocyte procoagulant activity, and clinical activity in patients with Crohn's disease. Subclinical activation of blood coagulation was measured using a radioimmunoassay for fibrinopeptide A. Fibrinopeptide A levels were strongly correlated with the level of disease activity as measured by the Crohn's disease activity index. Patients with active disease who were successfully treated either medically or surgically demonstrated a reduction of fibrinopeptide A levels. Failure of fibrinopeptide A to return to the normal range predicted an early relapse. Monocyte tissue factor generation was assessed in both unstimulated and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated mononuclear cell cultures obtained from the peripheral blood of patients with Crohn's disease. A strong correlation (r = 0.89) was observed between plasma fibrinopeptide A levels and monocyte tissue factor generation. These results suggest that monocyte procoagulant generation may contribute to the activation of blood coagulation in this inflammatory bowel disease. Moreover, fibrinopeptide A levels in Crohn's disease may provide a useful quantitative measure of inflammatory activity.

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