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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1986 Jul;25(1):67-74.

Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in healthy children, adolescents and adults as determined by a radioimmunoassay specific for the synthetic 53-70 peptide region.

Abstract

A radioimmunoassay (RIA) specific for the synthetic 53-70 peptide region of human insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) was used to determine IGF-I in the serum of 191 healthy newborns, children and adolescents and in 26 adults. The results compare favourably with reported values obtained using RIA systems for the native IGF-I molecule. Intra- and inter-assay CV were 3.3 and 7.2% respectively. In childhood, mean +/- SD IGF-I levels rise from 6.0 +/- 3.5 nmol/l in newborns to 16.5 +/- 4.0 nmol/l at 8-11 years in both sexes. At the onset of puberty, IGF-I levels in females (24.9 +/- 6.6 nmol/l) are significantly (P greater than 0.005) higher than in males (17.2 +/- 4.2 nmol/l). With further pubertal development IGF-I levels continue to rise, reaching peak values at pubertal stage P4 (40.6 +/- 4.5 nmol/l in males, 42.8 +/- 5.1 nmol/l in females) and decline thereafter to lower values during adulthood: 16.5 +/- 5.8 nmol/l (males) and 24.2 +/- 7.0 nmol/l (females) (P greater than 0.001). In pubertal males, IGF-I correlates significantly with height (r = 0.66, P less than 0.001), bone age (r = 0.69, P less than 0.001) and growth velocity (r = 0.64, P = 0.025) as well as with testosterone levels (r = 0.69, P less than 0.001). In pubertal females a significant correlation is found between IGF-I and height (r = 0.55, P less than 0.020). The ready availability of a simple, precise and reproducible IGF-I RIA, should contribute much to evaluating the importance of IGF-I measurements in normal growth and in the diagnosis and therapy of various growth disorders.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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