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Biochemistry. 1986 Oct 21;25(21):6637-43.

Oxidation-reduction potentials of butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase.


In order to obtain butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase from Megasphaera elsdenii in pure enough form to perform redox studies, the existing purification procedures first had to be modified and clarified [Engel, P. (1981) Methods Enzymol. 71, 359-366]. These modifications are described, and the previously unpublished spectral properties of the electrophoretically pure CoA-free butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase are presented. In our spectral reductive titration of pure enzyme, we show that although blue neutral flavin radical is stabilized in nonquantitative amounts in dithionite titrations (19%) or in electrochemical reductions mediated by methylviologen (5%), it is not thermodynamically stabilized; therefore, only a midpoint potential for butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase is obtained. The electron-transfer behavior from pH 5.5 to pH 7.0 indicates reversible two-electron transfer accompanied by one proton: EFlox + 2e- + H+ = EFlredH- Em7 = -0.079 V vs. SHE where EFlox is oxidized butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase, EFlredH- is two electron reduced enzyme, and Em7 is the midpoint potential at pH 7.0 at 25 degrees C. Redox data and activity data both indicate that the enzyme loses activity rapidly at pH values above 7.0. The Em7 of the butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase is 40 mV positive of the Em7 of the butyryl-CoA/crotonyl-CoA couple [Gustafson, W. G., Feinberg, B. A., & McFarland, J. T. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 7733-7741]. Binding of substrate analogue acetoacetyl-CoA caused the potential of butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase to shift 100 mV negative of the free enzyme. The negative shift in potential makes electron transfer from enzyme to substrate more probable, which is consistent with the direction of electron transfer in the bacterial system.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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