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Biochem Int. 1986 Sep;13(3):467-77.

Disintegration of red cell membrane cytoskeleton by hemin.


Spectrin and actin were isolated and their oligomeric state after association with hemin at various conditions was studied. Intact cytoskeletons were prepared by Triton X-100 extraction of red blood cells and incubated with hemin and their stability analyzed by the appearance of dissociated proteins in the supernatant. The cytoskeletons dissociated in a time, temperature and hemin concentration-dependent manner. Following 18 hours incubation in the presence of 0.3 mM hemin there was no dissociation at 4 degrees C, while at the same hemin concentration after 2 hours complete dissociation of the cytoskeletons occurred at 37 degrees C. Microscopy indicated that the cytoskeletons incubated with hemin lost their "cell like" shapes in a time dependent manner. Hemin applied to intact cells also caused dissociation of their cytoskeletons as judged by the failure to separate integer cytoskeletons from red cells treated with hemin. From hemin-induced dissociation profiles of separated actin, spectrin and whole cytoskeletons under various conditions, a mechanism of cytoskeleton breakdown was analyzed, as a release of band 4.1 in the first step which is followed by spectrin dimerization and eventually dissociation of the entire cytoskeletons.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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