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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1986 Nov 15;251(1):36-46.

Aldehyde oxidase from rabbit liver: specificity toward purines and their analogs.


Aldehyde oxidase (EC plays a role in the oxidation of aromatic heterocyclic compounds ingested by some higher vertebrates. To better understand this function, the specificity of the rabbit liver enzyme toward purines and their analogs was quantitatively studied. The chemical nature of the 6-substituent of purine markedly influenced substrate efficiency (Vmax/Km). Substituents that were hydrophobic were generally favorable. There was a correlation between the degree of hydrophobicity and the tightness of binding. 6-Substituents that were strongly electron-withdrawing also enhanced substrate efficiency. 6-Hydroxy and 6-amino substituents virtually obliterated substrate activity. In contrast, 2-hydroxypurine and 2-aminopurine were efficiently oxidized. 2,6-Disubstitution of purine was much less favorable than either 2- or 6-monosubstitution. N-Substitution of purines enhanced substrate efficiency in many cases. The typical order of preference for 9-substituents was 2'-deoxyribofuranosyl greater than ribofuranosyl greater than arabinofuranosyl greater than H. Acyclic nucleosides (9-[(hydroxy-alkyloxy)methyl]purines) were usually more efficient substrates than were 2'-deoxyribonucleosides. The kinetic constants of a variety of purine analogs revealed that the pyrimidine portion of the purine ring system was a more important determinant of substrate activity than the imidazole portion. The efficient oxidation of a variety of nucleosides suggests that detoxification of naturally occurring nucleoside analogs might be an important aspect of the physiological role of this enzyme. Overall, the data presented serve as a guide for predicting the susceptibility of heterocycles to oxidation by this enzyme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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