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Anat Anz. 1986;162(2):109-23.

The descriptive and functional myology of the fore-limb of the Aardvark (Orycteropus afer, Pallas 1766).


The myology of the fore-limb of the Aardvark, Orycteropus afer (Pallas 1766) (Tubulidentata, Mammalia) is redescribed on the basis of the dissection of two specimens. The results were complemented with data derived from X-ray pictures and a motion picture. Some remarks are made on the digging techniques in the Aardvark and other fossorial mammals. In Orycteropus, the power stroke comprises synchronous bending of shoulder-, elbow and metacarpophalangeal joints. The most important muscles involved are the Mm. cutaneus trunci, latissimus dorsi, pectoralis profundus, triceps brachii, flexor digitorum superficialis and -profundus.

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