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Acta Orthop Scand. 1986 Aug;57(4):285-9.

Osseointegration of titanium implants.


Forty-eight screws, six double cylindrical implants and six T-plates were inserted into the tibia or femur of 6 dogs. Two titanium screws were inserted into the proximal tibia of 5 patients to anchor a titanium mould. The implants were removed en bloc with adjacent bone tissue after 3 to 14 months. They were sectioned using a technique that allowed analysis of the intact tissue-to-metal specimens. Osseointegration, defined as a direct bone-to-implant contact without interposed soft tissue, was confirmed in all screw-shaped implants while the cylindres had only partial bone contact as did the T-plates. We conclude that osseointegrated implants may be applicable in joint reconstruction for arthrosis or rheumatoid arthritis.

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