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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1986 Oct;18(10):1097-106.

Effects of quinidine on plateau currents of guinea-pig ventricular myocytes.


Effects of quinidine on membrane currents forming the plateau of action potentials were studied using an isolated single ventricular cell from guinea-pig hearts. Quinidine (5 mg/l) produced a fall and shortening of the early part of the plateau, and delayed its later part and final repolarization, without changes in resting membrane potential. Application of quinidine caused a reversible depression of the peak Ca2+ current by about 30% of the control. Delayed outward K+ current, iK, also decreased to less than 20% of the control. Thus, an outward tail current upon repolarization to -40 mV from depolarizing voltage steps of the plateau ranges became inward. Current values at the end of 200 ms pulses in response to voltage steps to -60-0 mV were always positive and were not changed by the drug. The inward current elicited at potentials negative to resting potential level, also, decreased by 13% to 23% of the control in the presence of the drug, but the effect was not reversible upon wash-out of the drug. These results suggest that quinidine causes a non-specific depression of inward rectifier K+ current, iK1, with minor degree but has little effect on the window sodium current. Therefore, changes in the action potential repolarization produced by quinidine can be explained by its effects on both calcium current and delayed outward K+ current.

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