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J Biol Chem. 1986 Nov 25;261(33):15783-6.

The nucleotide and partial amino acid sequence of toxic shock syndrome toxin-1.


The nucleotide sequence of toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) has been determined. In addition, one-third of the predicted amino acid sequence was confirmed by amino acid sequence analysis of cyanogen bromide-generated TSST-1 protein fragments. The DNA sequencing results identified a 708-base pair open reading frame starting with an ATG, 7 base pairs downstream from a Shine-Dalgarno sequence, and terminating at a UAA stop codon. Amino acid analysis of the intact protein defined the NH2 terminus of the mature protein and located the cleavage point for the signal peptide (Ala/Ser). The signal peptide contained the first 40 amino acids and had characteristic structural similarities with other bacterial signal peptides. The coding sequence of the mature protein was 585 base pairs (194 amino acids) in length, and the molecular weight of the predicted protein was 22,049. This is in good agreement with the previously reported molecular weight of TSST-1 (22,000), as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. NH2-terminal amino acid sequence analysis performed on isolated TSST-1 CNBr fragments determined the position of the peptides in the TSST-1 sequence and verified the predicted amino acid sequence in those positions. Computer analyses of the amino acid sequence showed that TSST-1 has little or no sequence homology with biologically related toxins, streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin A, and staphylococcal enterotoxins B and C.

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