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Cell Tissue Res. 1986;246(1):81-9.

The ultrastructure of the uterine epithelium of the pig during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy.


The ultrastructure of the endometrial epithelium of the pig was studied during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy up to implantation. Special attention was given to the luminal epithelium and morphological indications of protein synthesis. Although the general morphology of the luminal and glandular epithelia is similar (both tissues consist of secretory cells and ciliated cells at all the stages studied), it appears that the two epithelia should be considered as two functionally different units in the pre-implantation period. Morphological evidence suggests the presence of at least three different secretory products within luminal epithelial cells; they are released at different times, i.e. at estrus, between day 8 and 10 and after day 11. The glandular epithelium shows release of secretory products from day 10-11. Increasing amounts of glycogen were found within epithelial cells, especially in pregnant gilts from day 12. The possible significance of secretory activity of the epithelium is discussed in relation to the development of the embryos.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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