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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1986 Nov;92(5):859-65.

Reoperative achalasia surgery.

Erratum in

  • J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1987 Apr;93(4):559.


Forty-six patients with esophageal achalasia required reoperation between January 1970 and January 1986. Three of these patients required a second reoperative procedure, for a total of 49 reoperations. Indications for reoperation were inadequate myotomy, 17; gastroesophageal reflux, 14; concomitant antireflux operation, six; incorrect diagnosis, four; carcinoma of the esophagus, four; megaesophagus, three; and paraesophageal hernia, one. Various procedures were employed at the time of reoperation, including revision of the myotomy, takedown or revision of a previously performed wrap, fundoplication, and resection. Of the 48 patients available for follow-up study over an average postoperative period of 5 years, the condition of 38 (79%) was considered to have been improved by reoperation. The best results were obtained by revision or takedown of a previous wrap (an improvement rate of 88.9%) and radical resective procedures (89% to 100%). We conclude that for good results to be achieved after reoperative achalasia procedures, the preoperative diagnosis must be accurate, the operation should be performed early before the development of megaesophagus, and a short but complete esophagomyotomy must be performed, preferably without the addition of an antireflux procedure. Elimination or revision of a previously performed fundoplication can be expected to be followed by good results. The precise indications for radical resective procedures have yet to be defined clearly, but their wider application to carefully selected patients with postoperative achalasia seems justified.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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